Difference between ERW pipe and seamless steel pipe

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Update time : 2023-01-11 11:50:48
  The biggest difference between ERW pipe and seamless steel pipe is that ERW pipe has a weld, which is also the key to the quality of ERW pipe.Some people divide seamless of ERW pipe into geometric seamless and physical seamless steel pipe. Geometric seamless steel pipe is the removal of internal and external burrs in Q345 Welded Carbon Steel ERW Pipe. Due to the continuous improvement and perfection of the structure of the internal burr removal system and the cutter, the internal burr removal of large and medium diameter steel pipe has been well handled.

  The inner burr can be controlled in the range of -0.2mm to O.5mm. Physical seamless steel pipe refers to the difference between the metallographic structure and the base metal in the weld, which results in the decrease of mechanical properties in the weld area. Measures should be taken to make it uniform and uniform. The thermal process of high frequency welding of ERW pipe results in the gradient of temperature distribution near the edge of billet, and forms the characteristic areas of melting zone, semi-melting zone, superheated structure, normalizing zone, incomplete normalizing zone and tempering zone.

  The austenite grains grow sharply in the superheated zone because of the welding temperature above 1000 C. Hard and brittle coarse grains will be formed under cooling conditions. In addition, the existence of temperature gradient will produce welding stress. In this way, the mechanical properties of the weld zone are lower than that of the base metal. Physical seamless means that the weld zone is heated to AC3 (927 C) by means of the conventional heat treatment process of the weld zone, then air-cooled at a speed of 20 m/min and 60 m in length, and then water-cooled when needed. This method can eliminate stress, soften and refine the structure, and improve the comprehensive mechanical properties of welding heat affected zone. So far, this method has been widely used in advanced ERW units in the world to treat welds, and good results have been achieved. High quality ERW pipe not only can not identify the weld, but also the weld coefficient reaches, which realizes the matching of the weld zone structure with the base metal.

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